Locating Oil or Gas Wells

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    عمرو
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    ذكر عدد الرسائل : 26
    university : ain shams university
    تاريخ التسجيل : 19/10/2007

    Locating Oil or Gas Wells

    مُساهمة من طرف عمرو في 2007-10-23, 5:51 pm

    Locating Oil or Gas Wells
    Using The Federal Township and Range System



    Section:

    The basic unit of the system, a square tract of land one mile by one mile containing 640 acres.


    Township:

    36 sections arranged in a 6 by 6 system, measuring 6 miles by 6 miles. Sections are numbered beginning with the northeast-most section, proceeding west to 6, then south along the west edge of the township and to the east.




    Range:

    Assigned to a township by measuring east or west of a Principal Meridian.



    Range Lines:

    The north to south lines which mark township boundaries.



    Township Lines:

    The east to west lines which mark township boundaries.



    Principal Meridian:

    The reference or beginning point for measuring east or west ranges. Map of meridians & base lines from the BLM web server.



    Base line:

    Reference or beginning point for measuring north or south townships.



    Understanding land descriptions .



    We'll start with the largest grouping, the township and range. The township is named in reference to a Principal Meridian (P.M.) and a Baseline. Here is an example, T2N R1E. The T2N refers to Township 2 North (of the Baseline), and the R1E refers to Range 1 East (of the Principal Meridian).





    Next, each township is divided into 36 sections. Each section is one mile square and contains 640 acres. The sections are numbered from 1 to 36 in the order shown in the chart to the left





    Within each section, the land is referred to as half and quarter sections. A one-sixteenth division is called a quarter of a quarter, as in the NW1/4 of the NW1/4. The descriptions are read from the smallest division to the largest.





    A section is also broken down into acres.
    Sample descriptions are in the ( )s.
    A full section contains 640 Acres.
    A half section (S1/2) contains 320 Acres.
    A quarter section (NE1/4) contains 160 Acres.
    An eighth section (N1/2 of NW1/4) contains 80 Acres.
    A sixteen section (SW1/4 of NW1/4) contains 40 Acres.




    ONE SECTION = 640 ACRES



    Locating a Well Using Land Descriptions


    A land description generally starts with the smallest part of the description and proceeds to the largest definition. For example, NW1/4 of NE1/4 of Section 8, T2N, R1E would be the northwest quarter of the northeast quarter of section 8 in township 3 north and range 2 east. To locate a well using a land description, you need to work from the largest part to the smallest part.


    Step 1


    As mentioned above, to locate the well given as an example above you would need to work backward and locate the largest part using the township and range supplied in the description first. In this case T2N, R1E. Remember the T2N refers to Township 2 North (of the Baseline), and the R1E refers to Range 1 East (of the Principal Meridian).





    Step 2

    After you have located the correct township, you will next need to find the correct section within that township. Using the example given above the land description states Section 8, T2N, R1E. So you would look in the township found in step 1 for section 8.





    Step 3

    Now that you have located the correct section you need to find where in this section your well is located. Our example says NW1/4 of NE1/4 of Section 8, T2N, R1E. So you would first look in section 8 for the NE1/4 of the section (shown as orange in the chart to the left.) After locating the NE1/4 of the section your last step will be to find the NW1/4 of that NE1/4 (shown in aqua in the chart to the left.) The well is generally located at or near the center of the last unit given.






    Congratulations!
    You've successfully located the oil or gas well
    described in the land description example given above.
    Good luck in your search.
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    mhmoudkhlifa
    مشرف وجيومتميز
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    ذكر عدد الرسائل : 681
    العمر : 28
    university : HELWAN
    تاريخ التسجيل : 01/05/2007

    رد: Locating Oil or Gas Wells

    مُساهمة من طرف mhmoudkhlifa في 2007-10-23, 6:04 pm

    THANKS ALOT

    GO ON


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      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو 2018-06-23, 8:50 pm